High Intensity Training is the idea of short burst of exercises (10-20/ seconds) followed by a short rest ( 20-40 seconds). This keeps your heart rate up for longer periods of time and typically can be done as a shorter workout.
HIIT came to the workout scene in the early 2000 and has exploded in popularity since that time. High intensity interval training can be done in both personal training sessions and group training. The popular idea of HIIT in group settings swept the country and the world when Crossfit came to the scene.
A high intensity interval class consists of a group of individuals performing the same exercises in timed intervals. The workout of the day is called a WOD and individuals track their results. Each person is trying to achieve their personal bests for that workout.
Many of the workouts will get repeated over time. This allows people to push for better times, repetitions, and or more weight. The results many people have from HIIT is dramatic when executed correctly. HIIT workouts turn the body into a fat burning machine. A typical High intensity Interval training session can burn up to 25-30% more calories. This may also be due to the long after burn effect that happens from this style of workout.
High intensity training exercise can be tough on the body due to the nature of the routine. When the body is put under extreme stress during exercise, form can become compromised due to fatigue. Practicing correct form and learning the exercises prior to a HIIT workout is essential to avoiding injury and achieving maximum results.
This style of workout can be tough on joints and muscle groups which can make training frequency difficult. When form and ability levels begin to increase, a fitness routines should add some form of HIIT workout into the mix.
These workouts are more of a functional fitness class. Class will focus on core strength, stability, arms and legs, balance exercises, and increased heart rate! A trainer is going to introduce functional exercises and will constantly increase resistance levels.
HIIT workouts can take many forms and can focus on strength training, interval cardio workouts, and endurance. HIIT will help fight against the dreaded plateau which can happen from repeating the same routines over time. The benefits of HIIT workouts are: increase metabolic rate, caloric burn, build muscle. There should also be increase cardiovascular health, lower blood pressure, burn fat, and build the bodies endurance.